January 2021

Prenatal distress level and its predictors according to the gestational age in pregnant women

Yeliz Mercan 1, Kevser Tarı Selcuk 2, Figen Dıgın 3, Hasan Saygın 4

1 Department of Health Management, Kırklareli University School of Health, Kırklareli, 2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Bandırma Onyedi Eylul University Faculty of Health Sciences, Balıkesir, 3 Department of Nursing, Kırklareli University School of Health , Kırklareli, 4 Health Services Unit, Karaman Provincial Health Directorate, Karaman, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20433 Received: 2020-12-07 Accepted: 2020-12-21 Published Online: 2020-12-29 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):54-59

Corresponding Author: Yeliz Mercan, Assistant Professor, Kırklareli University School of Health Department of Health Management, 39000, Kırklareli, Turkey. E-mail: mercan.yeliz@gmail.com P: +90 (507) 239 29 95 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7099-4536

Can NLR/PLR/CEA be a marker for predicting a complete pathological response in locally advanced rectal cancer?

Hüseyin Çiyiltepe 1, Ebubekir Gündeş 2, Durmuş Ali Çetin 3, Ulaş Aday 4, Emre Bozdağ 5, Selçuk Gülmez 6, Orhan Uzun 6, Aziz Serkan Senger 6, Erdal Polat 6, Mustafa Duman 6

1 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, 2 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Diyarbakır Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, 3 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, 4 Department of General Surgery, University of Dicle, Diyarbakır, 5 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, 6 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Kartal Koşuyolu High Speciality Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20431 Received: 2020-12-06 Accepted: 2020-12-21 Published Online: 2020-12-27 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):49-53

Corresponding Author: Hüseyin Çiyiltepe, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterological Surgery Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail: drciyiltepe@hotmail.com P: +90 5075830408 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3048-1784

How does the obstetric anesthesia in cesarean section affect the wellbeing of the newborn?

Emel Kabakoğlu Ünsür

Department of Pediatrics, Acıbadem University, Acıbadem Kayseri Hospital, Kayseri Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20423 Received: 2020-12-03 Accepted: 2020-12-14 Published Online: 2020-12-19 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):45-48

Corresponding Author: Emel Kabakoğlu Ünsür, Department of Pediatrics, Acıbadem University, Acıbadem Kayseri Hospital, Seyitgazi, Mustafa Kemal Paşa Blv. No:1, 38030 Melikgazi/Kayseri Turkey. E-mail: emelunsur@yahoo.com.tr P: +90 5053762391 F: +90 3522074163 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5816-7554

Fragmented QRS on hospital presentation is independently associated with no-reflow in patients with first anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Zeydin Acar 1, 2, Abdulkadir Kırış 1

1 Department of Cardiology, Medicalpark Karadeniz Hospital, 2 Faculty of Health Science, Avrasya University, Trabzon, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20391 Received: 2020-11-02 Accepted: 2020-12-01 Published Online: 2020-12-14 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):36-39

Corresponding Author: Zeydin Acar, Faculty of Health Science, Avrasya University & Medicalpark Karadeniz Hospital, Department of Cardiology, 61040, Trabzon, Turkey. E-mail: drzeydin@yahoo.com P: +90 462 2297070 F: +90 462 2297074 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0288-7499

Evaluation of the addition tourniquet and ultrasound application to axillary block success, reliability and patient satisfaction

Ayşe Yılmaz 1, Fatma Feyhan Ökten 2

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kastamonu Education and Research Hospital, Kastamonu, 2 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20395 Received: 2020-11-09 Accepted: 2020-11-27 Published Online: 2020-11-29 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):40-44

Corresponding Author: Ayşe Yılmaz, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kastamonu Education and Research Hospital, Kastamonu, 37100, Turkey. E-mail: drayseege@hotmail.com P: +90 5052251158 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7635-0830

COVID-19 adversely affects the psychological status of healthcare workers in the emergency room

Ertugrul Altinbilek 1, Derya Ozturk 1, Selime Celik Erdem 2

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, 2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Health Sciences, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20363 Received: 2020-10-05 Accepted: 2020-11-22 Published Online: 2020-11-28 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):9-14

Corresponding Author: Ertugrul Altinbilek, University of Health Sciences, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Etfal Hastanesi, Halaskargazi Cd., Sisli/Turkey. E-mail: ertugrulaltinbilek@gmail.com P: +90 505 904 68 33 F: +90 212 224 07 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4201-8850

Non-operating room anesthesia in children undergoing interventional cardiac procedures

Yeliz Kılıç, Sema Şanal Baş

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20385 Received: 2020-11-02 Accepted: 2020-11-18 Published Online: 2020-11-22 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):26-29

Corresponding Author: Yeliz Kılıç, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Osmangazi University, Büyükdere Mh., 26040, Odunpazarı, Eskişehir, Turkey. E-mail: yeliz_kilic3@hotmail.com GSM: +90 505 3573180 P: +90 222 2392979 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1446-7747

The effect of social isolation on psychological stress and gambling in the COVID-19 pandemic

Esma Akpınar Aslan 1, Oğuzhan Kılınçel 2

1 Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpaşa University, Faculty of Medicine, Tokat, 2 Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya Yenikent State Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20390 Received: 2020-11-01 Accepted: 2020-11-18 Published Online: 2020-11-22 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):30-35

Corresponding Author: Oğuzhan Kılınçel, Sakarya Yenikent State Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya, Turkey. E-mail: okilincel@gmail.com P: +90 505 296 24 32 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2988-4631

Awareness regarding COVID-19 among health workers at Kastamonu education and research hospital

Ayşe Yılmaz 1, Emine Zülal Bostancı Can 1, Elmas Yılmaz 2

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kastamonu Education and Research Hospital, 2 Intensive Care Unit, Kastamonu Education and Research Hospital, Kastamonu, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20370 Received: 2020-10-26 Accepted: 2020-11-12 Published Online: 2020-11-20 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):21-25

Corresponding Author: Ayşe Yılmaz,Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kastamonu Education and Research Hospital, 37100, Kastamonu, Turkey. E-mail: drayseege@hotmail.com P: +90 5052251158 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000 -0001-7635-0830

Reliability of percutaneous suprapubic cystostomy catheter insertion and analysis of complications

Yurdagul Cetin Seker 1, Fatih Akkas 2, Muammer Bozkurt 2, Mehmet Ezer 2, Yavuz Tarik Atik 2 , Kamil Gokhan Seker 2

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Muş State Hospital, Muş, Turkey, 2 Department of Urology, Muş State Hospital, Muş, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20366 Received: 2020-10-06 Accepted: 2020-10-22 Published Online: 2020-10-26 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):15-20

Corresponding Author: Kamil Gokhan Seker, Department of Urology, Muş State Hospital, 49100, Muş, Turkey. E-mail: gkhnseker@hotmail.com P: +90 505 6972119 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4449-9037

Evaluation of patient satisfaction in the reconstruction of nasal cutaneous defects with locoregional flap

Engin Başer, Samira Abdurahmanova Özkara, İlker Burak Arslan, İbrahim Çukurova

Otorhinolaryngology, Head&Neck Surgery Department, University of Health Sciences, İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20227 Received: 2020-06-19 Accepted: 2020-07-20 Published Online: 2020-07-26 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):104-107

Corresponding Author: Engin Başer, Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Yenisehir, Gaziler street, No:468. Konak, İzmir, Turkey. E-mail: dr.enginbaser@hotmail.com P: +90 232 469 69 69 / +90 532 579 45 38 F: +90 232 433 07 56 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7989-8292

Prevalence and risk factors of Otitis Media with effusion among preschool children in Arar city, Saudi Arabia

Yahia Elboraei 1, Ahmed M. S. Hegazy 2, Basem M.M. Salama 3, Raed Alanazi 4

1 Department of Otorhinolaryinngology, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, KSA, 2 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, KSA and Benha Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt, 3 Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, KSA and Department of Community Medicine, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt, 4 General practitioner, Prince Abdul-Aziz bin Musaed Hospital, Arar, KSA

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20218 Received: 2020-05-23 Accepted: 2020-06-23 Published Online: 2020-07-03 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):99-103

Corresponding Author: Yahia Elboraei, Department of Otorhinolaryinngology, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, KSA. E-mail: yahiaelborai@yahoo.com P: +96656841264 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3975-1990

Effects of PRP and HA injections with intervals on pain and function in knee OA

Fahri Emre 1, Ali Murat Başak 1, Begüm Aslantaş 1, Erkan Sabri Ertaş 1, Recep Öztürk 3, Mahmut Nedim Aytekin 2

1 Deparment of Orthopedics and Traumotology, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, 2 Deparment of Orthopedics and Traumotology, Ankara City Hospital, 3 Deparment of Orthopedics and Traumotology, Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20185 Received: 2020-04-22 Accepted: 2020-06-20 Published Online: 2020-06-27 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):65-68

Corresponding Author: Recep Öztürk, Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training And Research Hospital, Demetevler Mahallesi, Vatan Cad., 06200 Yenimahalle/Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: ozturk_recep@windowslive.com GSM: +90 5054634794 F: +90 312 334 03 52 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6753-9321

Collagen type III to type I propeptides ratio is а better indicator of early-onset preeclampsia than a single propeptide

Asparuh Nikolov¹, Nicola Popovski², Alexander Blazhev³

¹Cardiovascular Diseases Investigations, Institute for Scientific Research, Medical University of Pleven, ²Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Pleven, Medical University of Pleven, ³Division of Biology, Medical University of Pleven, Bulgaria

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20205 Received: 2020-05-09 Accepted: 2020-06-13 Published Online: 2020-06-24 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):92-98

Corresponding Author: Asparuh Nikolov, Interim Chair of Division of Pharmacotherapy, Cardiovascular Diseases Investigations, Institute for Scientific Research, Medical University, 1, ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’ Str. , 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria. E-mail: a_nicoloff@yahoo.com P: ++359 887100672 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4289-5124

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: Is fetoplacental doppler ultrasound useful in the diagnosis and follow-up?

Veysel Toprak 1, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar 2

1 Tatvan Can Hospital Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bitlis, 2 Department of General Surgery, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20203 Received: 2020-05-05 Accepted: 2020-06-05 Published Online: 2020-06-22 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):87-91

Corresponding Author: Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Dicle University School of Medicine Department of General Surgery, Diyarbakır, Turkey. E-mail: drtolgakafadar@hotmail.com P: + 90 412 2488001- 4679,4979 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9178-7843

The cost of elective orthopedic surgery on Syrian refugees: A single-center experience

Sezgin Bahadır Tekin 1, Burçin Karslı 2

1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dr. Ersin Arslan Education and Research Hospital, 2 Deparment of Orthopedic Surgery, Gaziantep University Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20202 Received: 2020-05-04 Accepted: 2020-06-03 Published Online: 2020-06-20 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):83-86

Corresponding Author: Sezgin Bahadır Tekin, Institutional Address: Eyüpoğlu Mahallesi Hürriyet Caddesi No:40, 27010, Şahinbey, Gaziantep, Turkey. E-mail: sezginbahadirtekin@gmail.com GSM: +90 5317916686 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4740-9949

The role of hematological parameters in the diagnosis of hyperemesis gravidarum

Şefik Gökçe, Dilşad Herkiloğlu, Osman Demirbilek, Nazmiye Nil Kilisli

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yeni Yüzyıl University Private Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Gaziosmanpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20199 Received: 2020-05-04 Accepted: 2020-06-05 Published Online: 2020-06-20 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):74-77

Corresponding Author: Şefik Gökçe, Yeni Yüzyıl University Private Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Gaziosmanpaşa, Istanbul/Turkey. E-mail: sefgokce@gmail.com P: +90 5458751050 F: +90 323653838 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0939-4539

Knowledge and awareness of doctors about herbal drugs in the Northern Border Region of Saudi Arabia

Elhassan Hussein Eltom 1, Bandar Alenezi 1, Rahma Hamayun 1, Jawza Sulaiman Alenezi 1, Hajar Ghdab Alruwaili 2, Muhammad Akram Randhawa 3

1 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia, 2 Internship student, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia, 3 Department of Pharmacology, HBS Medical and Dental College, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhatto Medical University, Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20200 Received: 2020-05-03 Accepted: 2020-06-03 Published Online: 2020-06-16 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):78-82

Corresponding Author: Elhassan Hussein Eltom, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, P.O. Box. 1321, Arar 91431, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: hassan27rus@gmail.com P: 00966 59 870 9154 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1548-0866

Determination of depression and anxiety levels among parents of ADHD children

Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul 1, Osman Kurt 1, S. Erhan Devecı 1, Edibe Pırınccı 1, Ipek Percınel Yazıcı 2

1 Department of Public Health, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, 2 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20192 Received: 2020-04-26 Accepted: 2020-05-26 Published Online: 2020-06-04 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):69-73

Corresponding Author: Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, 23119, Elazig, Turkey. E-mail: aferdane@gmail.com P: +90 4242370000/ 4685 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9820-9720

The situation and causes of musculoskeletal disorder among nurses in 7A military hospital

Quang-Tri Le 1, Thanh- Tam Vu 2, Minh-Hoang Nguyen 3, Minh-Kha Tran 4, Long-Hai Le 5

1 Department of Orthopedics and Department of High-Tech Diagnostics, 7A Military Hospital, 2 Scientific Research Department, 7A Military Hospital, 3 Department of Orthopedics , 7A Military Hospital, 4 Division of Nursing, 7A Military Hospital, 5 Department of Medical Service, 7th Military Region, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20178 Received: 2020-04-10 Accepted: 2020-04-20 Published Online: 2020-04-23 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):5-8

Corresponding Author: Quang-Tri Le, Director of 7A Military Hospital, Head of Department of Orthopedics, Head of Department of High-Tech Diagnostics, 466 Nguyen Trai Street, Ward 8, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, 72706, Viet Nam. E-mail: lqtri@ntt.edu.vn / tsbstri@yahoo.com P: (+084)0839241868 / (+084)0913126229 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2777-0828

Effect of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone as antiemetics on postoperative pain and nausea

İsa Şen, Oya Kılcı, Eyüp Horasanlı, Serpil Deren, Dilşen Örnek, Nermin Göğüş

Bilkent City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20158 Received: 2020-03-10 Accepted: 2020-04-13 Published Online: 2020-04-20 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):60-64

Corresponding Author: Dilsen Hatice Ornek, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, T.C. Ankara Bilkent City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: dilsenbaris@gmail.com GSM: +90 505 737 38 28Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3300-4839

General knowledge of intensive resuscitation nurses on hospital-acquired infection in 7A Military Hospital

Thanh – Tam Vu 1, Manh – Kien Nguyen 2, Minh-Kha Tran 3, Phu – Suong Nguyen 2, Long-Hai Le 4, Quang-Tri Le 5

1 Scientific Research Department, 7A Military Hospital, 2 Laboratory and Pathology Department 7A Military Hospital, 3 Division of Nursing, 7A Military Hospital, 4 Department of Medical Service / 7th Military Region, 5 Department of Orthopedics and Department of High-Tech Diagnostics, 7A Military Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20172 Received: 2020-04-02 Accepted: 2020-04-12 Published Online: 2020-04-14 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):1-4

Corresponding Author: Quang-Tri Le, Director of 7A MILITARY HOSPITAL, Head of Department of Orthopedics, Head of Department of High-Tech Diagnostics, 466 Nguyen Trai Street, Ward 8, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, 72706, Viet Nam.E-mail: lqtri@ntt.edu.vn / tsbstri@yahoo.com P: (+084)0839241868 / (+084)0913126229 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2777-0828

Rare complications of Salmonella

Ayşe Kaya Kalem, İmran Hasanoğlu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Rahmet Güner

Department of Infectious Disease, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University School of Medicine, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20083 Received: 2019-12-05 Accepted: 2020-07-28 Published Online: 2020-10-30 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):108-110

Corresponding Author: Ayşe Kaya Kalem, Ankara State Hospital, Department of Infectious Disease Üniversiteler Mah. 1604. Cd. No:9 06800 Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: dr.aysekaya09@hotmail.com GSM: +90 506 300 9586 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4759-0066

Median nerve transection following carpal tunnel release with an unusual surgical approach: A case study

 Ersen Türkmen, Mehmet Ş. Sakçı, Kadir Ertem

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, Inonu University Medical School, Malatya, Turkey

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20234 Received: 2020-06-07 Accepted: 2020-07-12 Published Online: 2020-08-16 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):111-113

Corresponding Author: Ersen Türkmen, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Turgut Özal Medical Center, İnönü University Faculty of Medicine, Battalgazi, Malatya, 44280, Turkey. E-mail: dr.ersenturkmen@gmail.com GSM: +90 5300485275 P: +904223410660-5128 F: +90 422 341 07 29 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5536-6793

Effect of deep neck flexor strengthening on forward head posture: A systemic review and meta-analyses

Hayaa Y Hussein 1, Eman S Fayez 1, Ahmed A El Fiki 2, Mahmoud Y Elzanaty 3, Mahmoud S El Fakharany 4

1 Department of Physical Therapy for Neuromuscular Disorders and its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, 2 Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 3 Department of Physical Therapy for Neuromuscular Disorders and its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University & Deraya University, 4 Department of Physical Therapy for pediatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

DOI: 10.4328/ACAM.20258 Received: 2020-06-25 Accepted: 2020-08-22 Published Online: 2020-10-28 Printed: 2021-01-01 Ann Clin Anal Med 2021;12(1):114-119

Corresponding Author: Mahmoud Samir El Fakharany, Department of Physical Therapy for pediatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, 11816, Cairo, Egypt E-mail: Mahmoud.samier@pt.cu.edu.eg P: 01067904792 Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3943-4469